Información de la revista
Vol. 28. Núm. 4.Julio - Agosto 2014
Páginas 263-350
Respuestas rápidas
Compartir
Compartir
Descargar PDF
Más opciones de artículo
Visitas
1948
Vol. 28. Núm. 4.Julio - Agosto 2014
Páginas 263-350
Letters to Editor
DOI: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2013.12.011
Open Access
Physical activity environment measurement and same source bias
Medición del entorno para realizar actividad física y sesgo de la misma fuente
Visitas
1948
Pedro Gullóna,b, Usama Bilala,c, Manuel Francoa,c,d,
Autor para correspondencia
mfranco@uah.es

Corresponding author.
a Social and Cardiovascular Epidemiology Research Group, School of Medicine, University of Alcalá, Madrid, Spain
b Escuela Nacional de Sanidad, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
c Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, MD, USA
d Department of Epidemiology, Atherothrombosis and Cardiovascular Imaging, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, Madrid, Spain
Contenido relaccionado
Gac Sanit 2013;27:487-9310.1016/j.gaceta.2013.01.006
Gabriel Rodríguez-Romo, María Garrido-Muñoz, Alejandro Lucía, Juan I. Mayorga, Jonatan R. Ruiz
Gac Sanit 2014;28:34510.1016/j.gaceta.2014.01.006
Gabriel Rodríguez-Romo, María Garrido-Muñoz, Alejandro Lucia, Jonatan R. Ruiz
Este artículo ha recibido
1948
Visitas

Under a Creative Commons license
Información del artículo
Texto Completo
Bibliografía
Descargar PDF
Estadísticas
Dear editor
Texto Completo

The recent paper by Rodríguez-Romo et al. studied the relationship between different variables of the self perceived urban environment and physical activity in Madrid.1 To this end, the study participants were asked in a questionnaire about their perception of the urban environment related to physical activity (density, access to public transportation, access to food stores, paths, bike lines, leisure-time physical activity areas, traffic safety, area security, social environment and esthetics), and in another questionnaire they were asked about levels of physical activity. The authors then estimated the probability of having moderate to high levels of physical activity given certain environmental characteristics as reported by each participant.Research efforts trying to understand how environmental features may promote active transportation, not only leisure physical activity, is currently a relevant topic offering insight for possible political action.2

The use of self-reported measures is one of the approaches that can be used in the study of urban environment and health. It represents an unexpensive and feasible approach that can provide useful information about the environment. One of the problems associated with the use of self-reported for both result and exposure variables, is the possibility of same source bias.3–5 Same source bias may result in spurious associations between exposures and outcomes because the measurement error between the two variables is correlated. To be more precise, exposure self-reporting may be influenced by the self-reported outcome. For example, persons who are not physically active may be more likely to perceive their environment as less favorable for physical activity, regardless of the actual condition of the urban environment.

Given that the article by Rodríguez-Romo et al. models the probability of having the self-reported outcome on the self-reported environmental exposure same-source bias is likely to happen. Several tools are available to minimize same source bias in studies that rely on self-reported information by study participants, including the aggregation of environment perceptions by study participants living in the same neighborhood using techniques such as Conditional Empirical Bayes (CEB).6 The best way to get rid of same-source bias is avoiding self-reports of environmental measures by study participants and the use of other environmental measurements (different reporters, systematic social observation, georeferenced databases and GIS)4 but we acknowledge that measuring the environment is difficult and may not be feasible in all studies. Using self-reported measures may be desirable if the research question relates to how people perceive their environment and the effect of this perception on physical activity, although the interpretation of these results may be more difficult. Nonetheless same-source bias should be avoided in these situations too.

Author contributions

U. Bilal conceived the idea. P. Gullón prepared a first draft of the manuscript. The three authors performed the literature search, edited the draft and approved the final version.

Funding

None.

Conflict of interest

None.

References
[1]
G. Rodríguez-Romo,M. Garrido-Muñoz,A. Lucía
Asociación entre las características del entorno de residencia y la actividad física
[2]
G.L. Furie,M.M. Desai
Active transportation and cardiovascular disease risk factors in U S. adults
Am J Prev Med, 43 (2012), pp. 621-628 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2012.06.034
[3]
Rothman KJ, Greenland S, Lash TL. Modern Epidemiology Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.758p.
[4]
A.V. Diez Roux
Neighborhoods and health: where are we and were do we go from here?
Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique, 55 (2007), pp. 13-21 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respe.2006.12.003
[5]
F. Dunstan,D.L. Fone,M. Glickman
Objectively measured residential environment and self-reported health: a multilevel analysis of UK census data
[6]
N.V. Savitz,S.W. Raudenbush
Exploiting Spatial Dependence to Improve Measurement of Neighborhood Social Processes
Sociol Methodol, 39 (2009), pp. 151-183
Copyright © 2013. SESPAS
Idiomas
Gaceta Sanitaria

Suscríbase al Newsletter

Opciones de artículo
Herramientas
es en
Política de cookies Cookies policy
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios y mostrarle publicidad relacionada con sus preferencias mediante el análisis de sus hábitos de navegación. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso. Puede cambiar la configuración u obtener más información aquí. To improve our services and products, we use "cookies" (own or third parties authorized) to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior. Continuing navigation will be considered as acceptance of this use. You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here.
es en

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?