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Vol. 19. Núm. 3.
Páginas 206-213 (Mayo - Junio 2005)
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Vol. 19. Núm. 3.
Páginas 206-213 (Mayo - Junio 2005)
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Nivel de actividad física global en la población adulta de Bogotá (Colombia). Prevalencia y factores asociados
Physical activity levels in adults living in Bogotá [Colombia]: prevalence and factors associated
Visitas
626
Luis Fernando Gómeza,
Autor para correspondencia
lfgomez@fundacionfes.org

Correspondencia: Luis Fernando Gómez. Carrera 7, 73-55. Oficina 1202. Bogotá. Colombia.
, John Duperlyb, Diego Iván Lucumía, Rocío Gámezc, Alba Sofía Venegasc
a División de Salud Fundación FES-Social. Bogotá. Colombia
b Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá. Bogotá. Colombia
c Instituto Distrital de Recreación y Deporte. Bogotá. Colombia
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Resumen
Objetivo

Determinar la prevalencia de los grados de actividad física global en las personas de 18 a 65 años de la ciudad de Bogotá (Colombia) e identificar los factores asociados con la regularidad en la actividad.

Métodos

Se realizó una encuesta poblacional, aplicada a 3.000 adultos residentes en la ciudad de Bogotá durante el año 2003, seleccionados en una muestra probabilística multietápica. Los niveles de actividad física fueron determinados por medio de la versión abreviada del IPAQ. La aplicación de un modelo de regresión logístico permitió identificar los factores asociados con la regularidad en la actividad.

Resultados

La prevalencia ajustada de personas regularmente activas fue del 36,8%. Después del ajuste de las potenciales variables de confusión, las posibilidades de ser regularmente activo fueron mayores en los varones (odds ratio [OR] = 1,62; intervalo de confianza [IC] del 95%,1,31-2,01) y en personas con una autopercepción del estado de salud Buena o muy buena (OR = 1,87; IC del 95%, 1,41-2,49). Las posibilidades fueron menores en las personas de los grupos de edad de 30-49 y 50-65 años (OR = 0,78; IC del 95%, 0,63- 0,96 y OR = 0,60; IC del 95%, 0,43-0,82, respectivamente) y en aquellas cuya principal actividad en los últimos 30 días era buscar trabajo (OR = 0,71; IC del 95%, 0,51-0,97) o realizar labores del hogar (OR = 0,72; IC del 95%, 0,54-0,96). En las mujeres, a diferencia de los varones, los grupos de edad no tuvieron asociación con la regularidad en la actividad.

Conclusión

En este estudio se ponen de manifiesto diferencias entre los sexos en las prevalencias de los niveles de actividad física global y en sus factores asociados. En futuros trabajos se deberá establecer, en el contexto de ciudades latinoamericanas, si es pertinente determinar, además de los grados de actividad física global, los indicadores específicos en cada dominio.

Palabras clave:
Actividad física
Vigilancia
Salud urbana
Abstract
Objective

To determine the prevalence of physical activity levels in adults aged 18 to 65 years in Bogotá city and identify the factors associated with regular physical activity.

Methods

We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional survey in 3,000 adult residents of Bogotá in 2003 who were selected through a multistage probabilistic sample. Physical activity levels were determined using the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Factors associated with regular physical activity were identified by logistic regression models.

Results

The adjusted prevalence of persons undertaking regular physical activity was 36.8%. After adjustment for potential confounders, regular physical activity was more likely in men (odds ratio [OR] = 1.62; 95% CI, 1.31-2.01) and in those whose self-perceived health status was good or very good (OR = 1.87; 95% CI, 1.41-2.49) and was less likely in those aged 30-49 years or 50-65 years (OR = 0.78; 95% CI, 0.63-0.96, and OR = 0.60; 95% CI, 0.43-0.82, respectively) and in those whose main activity in the previous 30 days was searching for a job (OR = 0.71; 95% CI, 0.51-0.97) or carrying out household tasks (OR = 0.72; 95% CI, 0.54-0.96). In women, unlike men, age groups showed no association with regular physical activity.

Conclusion

This study shows gender differences in the prevalence of physical activity levels and associated factors. Future studies should establish, in the context of Latin American cities, whether it is appropriate to determine specific measures in each domain, in addition to overall physical activity levels.

Key words:
Physical activity
Surveillance
Urban health
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