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Vol. 4. Núm. 18.
Páginas 112-117 (Mayo - Junio 1990)
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Vol. 4. Núm. 18.
Páginas 112-117 (Mayo - Junio 1990)
DOI: 10.1016/S0213-9111(90)71007-2
Open Access
Riesgo Atribuible: Sus Formas, Usos e Interpretación
Atributable Risk: Types, Utilization Ano Interpretation
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F. Javier Nieto García1,*, Armando Peruga Urrea2
1 Departamento de Epidemiología, The Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD, EE.UU
2 Comisión de Salud Pública, Washington, DC, EE.UU
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Resumen

El concepto de riesgo atribuible, descrito por primera vez hace más de tres décadas, es raramente usado en el análisis e interpretación de estudios epidemiológicos, a pesar de su interés y de los considerables avances teórico-metodológicos desarrollados en los últimos años. El presente trabajo describe las diferentes formas de riesgo atribuible, sus aplicaciones y las limitaciones en su interpretación. Asimismo, se discuten las posibles razones que podrían explicar por qué la epidemiología académica moderna ha relegado su uso en la práctica.

Palabras clave:
Riesgo atribuible
Riesgo
Métodos epidemiológicos
Estudios epidemiológicos
Estudios retrospectivos
Summary

The concept of Attributable Risk, described for the first time more than three decades ago, is rarely used in the analysis and interpretation of epidemiologic studies, despite its interest and importance in methodologic developments of the last years. This paper describes the different forms of Attributable Risk, their applications, and the limitations tor their use. The possible reasons that could explain why its use has been set aside by modem academic epidemiology are also discussed.

Key words:
Attributable risk
Risk
Epidemiologic methods
Epidemiologic studies
Retrospective studies
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