Información de la revista
Vol. 19. Núm. 2.
Páginas 113-119 (Marzo - Abril 2005)
Respuestas rápidas
Compartir
Compartir
Descargar PDF
Más opciones de artículo
Vol. 19. Núm. 2.
Páginas 113-119 (Marzo - Abril 2005)
Originales
Open Access
Factors related to dental health in 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in pupils
Visitas
...
Ernesto Smyth��
Autor para correspondencia
mrsmyth@usc.es

Correspondencia: Ernesto Smyth. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública. Facultad de Medicina. San Francisco, s/n. 15782 Santiago de Compostela. A Coruña. España.
, Francisco Caamaño
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. University of Santiago de Compostela. Santiago de Compostela. A Coruña. Spain
Este artículo ha recibido
No disponible
Visitas
(Actualización diaria de datos)

Under a Creative Commons license
Información del artículo
Resumen
Bibliografía
Descargar PDF
Estadísticas
Abstract
Objective

The aim of this study was to identify factors related to the prevalence of caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was carried out using a representative sample (n=1217) of the population of 12-yearold schoolchildren in Galiza (northwest Spain). Independent variables were measured through a questionnaire, and dependent variables were determined through oral examination. Multiple and logistic regression were applied.

Results

The decayed, missing and filled permanent teeth/decayed, filled primary teeth (DMFT-dft) value in the sample was 1.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.67-1.98), the DMFT value was 1.53 (95% CI, 1.37-1.67), and the prevalence of caries was 61% (95% CI, 57.7-64.5). The prevalence of caries was directly related to a low frequency of brushing, greater use of toothpaste, and a higher consumption of sweets. The prevalence of caries was higher in rural than in urban areas. In contrast, the higher the mother's level of education and the greater the subject's knowledge of dental health, the lower the prevalence of caries.

Conclusions

The main goals of dental health programmes should be to achieve quality brushing every day in children, to reduce the consumption of sweets, and to increase knowledge of dental health.

Key words:
Children
Dental knowledge
Health practice
Oral health surwey
Spain
Resumen
Objetivo

Identificar los factores asociados a la prevalencia de caries en escolares de 12 años.

Métodos

Estudio transversal sobre una muestra (n=1.217) de escolares de 12 años de Galicia. Las variables independientes se midieron mediante un cuestionario y las dependientes, a través de exploración bucal. En el análisis estadístico se aplicaron regresión logística y regresión lineal múltiple.

Resultados

El índice CAO-co en la muestra fue 1,83 (intervalo de confianza [IC] del 95%, 1,67-1,98), el índice CAO 1,53 (IC del 95%, 1,37-1,67), mientras que la prevalencia de caries se situó en el 61% (IC del 95%, 57,7-64,5). La prevalencia de caries estuvo directamente asociada a la baja frecuencia del cepillado, al mayor uso de pasta y al elevado consumo de golosinas. La prevalencia de caries determinada en el medio rural fue más alta que en el medio urbano. Por último, el mayor nivel de estudios de la madre y los mayores conocimientos sobre salud oral de los individuos se asocian a una menor prevalencia de caries.

Conclusiones

A pesar de la moderada afectación por caries, los principales objetivos de los programas de salud oral para este grupo de edad deben ser: lograr el cepillado dental diario, reducir el consumo de golosinas e incrementar los conocimientos sobre salud oral. Por último, los programas de salud oral deben estar dirigidos principalmente a la población del medio rural y de menor nivel sociocultural.

Palabras clave:
Niños
Conocimientos dentales
Práctica odontológica
Encuesta sobre salud bucal
España
El Texto completo está disponible en PDF
References
[1.]
A. Álvarez-Arenal, J.A. Álvarez-Riesgo, J.M. Pena-López, J.P. Fernández-Vázquez.
DMFT, dmft and treatment requirements of schollchildren in Asturias, Spain.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 26 (1998), pp. 166-169
[2.]
J.C. Llodra, M. Bravo, J. Cortés.
Encuesta de salud oral en España (2000).
Rev Col Odont Esp, 7 (2002), pp. 19-63
[3.]
B. Noguerol, J.C. Llodra, A. Sicilia, M. Follana.
La salud buco-dental en España 1994: antedecentes y prespectiva de futuro.
Av Odontoestomatol, 6 (1990), pp. 323-330
[4.]
D.E. Diehnelt, H.A. Kiyak.
Socioeconomic factors that affect international caries levels.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 29 (2001), pp. 226-233
[5.]
A.K. Mascarenhas.
Determinants of caries prevalence and severity in higher SES Indian children.
Community Dent Health, 16 (1999), pp. 107-113
[6.]
M.E. Irigoyen, G. Sánchez-Hinojosa.
Changes in dental caries prevalence in 12-year-old students in the State of Mexico after 9 years of salt fluoridation.
Caries Res, 34 (2000), pp. 303-307
[7.]
R. Harris, A.D. Nicoll, Pm. Adair, C.M. Pine.
Risk factors for dental caries in young children: a systematic review of the literature.
Community Dent Health, 21 (2004), pp. 71-85
[8.]
Impact of caries and dental fluorosis on 12-year-old schoolchildren's self-perception of appareance and chewing. Cadernos Saúde Pública. 2003;19:323-30.
[9.]
WHO.
Oral health surveys. Basic methods.
3rd ed., WHO, (1987),
[10.]
D.W. Hosmer, S. Taber, S. Lemeshow.
The importance of assessing the fit of logistic regression models: a case study.
Am J Public Health, 81 (1991), pp. 1630-1635
[11.]
K.J. Rothman, S. Greenland.
Types of epidemiology study.
Modern epidemiology, pp. 75-76
[12.]
W.J. Moore.
The role of sugar in the aetiology of dental caries (I). Sugar and the antiquity of dental caries.
J Dent, 11 (1983), pp. 189-190
[13.]
A.J. Rugg-Gunn, J.J. Murray.
The role of sugar in the aetiology of dental caries (II). The epidemiological evidence.
J Dent, 11 (1983), pp. 190-199
[14.]
M. Woodward, A.R.P. Walker.
Sugar consumption and dental caries: evidence from 90 countries.
Br Dent J, 176 (1994), pp. 297-302
[15.]
C. Bedos, J.M. Brodeur.
Determinants of dental caries in Haitian schoolchildren and implications for public health.
Sante, 10 (2000), pp. 161-168
[16.]
A. Flinck, C. Kallestal, A.K. Holm, P. Allebeck, S. Wall.
Distribution of caries in 12-year-old children in Sweden. Social and oral health-related behavioural patterns.
Community Dent Health, 16 (1999), pp. 160-165
[17.]
P.M. Dummer, M. Addy, R. Hicks, A. Kingdon, W.C. Shaw.
The effect of social class on the prevalence of caries, plaque, gingivitis and pocketing in 11-12-year-old children in South Wales.
J Dent, 15 (1987), pp. 185-190
[18.]
A. Hjern, M. Grindefjord, H. Sundberg, M. Rosen.
Social inequality in oral health and use of dental care in Sweden.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 29 (2001), pp. 167-174
[19.]
N.B. Pitts.
Inequalities in children's caries experience: the nature and size of the UK problem.
Community Dent Health, 15 (1998), pp. 296-300
[20.]
B.A. Burt, S. Pai.
Sugar consumption and caries risk: a systematic review.
J Dent Educ, 65 (2001), pp. 1017-1023
Copyright © 2005. Sociedad Española de Salud Pública y Administración Sanitaria
Idiomas
Gaceta Sanitaria

Suscríbase a la newsletter

Opciones de artículo
Herramientas
es en

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?